Encompassing Dat Mui, Vien An and Dat Moi communes in Ngoc Hien District, Ca Mau Cape National Park covers over 41,800 ha, including 26,600 ha of coastal areas and 15,200 ha of inland areas.
Ca Mau Cape World Biosphere Reserve
Cape Ca Mau National Park was originally covered by a natural mangrove forest; however, the vast majority was destroyed during the Second Indochina War. Most of the aquacultural ponds have been abandoned and now support extensive areas of re-colonizing mangrove forest. There are extensive mudflats which are also being colonized naturally by mangrove. These areas are continually growing due to accretion rates along the coastline of up to 50m per year in places.
The Park is a submerged area with a floral complex, mainly including mangrove and Mam (avicennia, black mangrove) trees. This is an ecological system of natural salt-marsh forests with high values in terms of biodiversity, landscapes, environment, culture and history.
An important role
It is home to 93 species of birds, 26 species of mammals, 43 species of reptiles, nine species of amphibians, 139 fish species and 53 mollusk species, including many that are listed in Vietnam’s Red Book and the Red Book of the Association of International Nature Conservation (IUCN) of Threatened Species.
The mangroves at Mui Ca Mau perform an important coastal protection function, which was strongly emphasized on coastal protection in the management of the site to date. The national park also has high potential for recreation, ecotourism, conservation education and scientific research. Although present visitor use of the national park is low, visitor numbers are likely to increase in the future.
In 2009, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation recognised Ca Mau Cape National Park as a World Biosphere Reserve.
In 2013, the park became the 2,088th Ramsar site in the world (wetlands of international importance designated under the Ramsar convention) and the fifth Ramsar site in Vietnam.